Grinding your coffee beans right is the first step to making perfect early morning coffee so here’s everything you need to know about coffee grinds.

According to experts the first and the only rule of brewing delicious coffee is to grind your own coffee.

One should always grind coffee beans just before use as coffee in pre-ground form tends to lose its aroma and flavor. Now, who would want a coffee which has lost its original flavor and aroma, right?

This is why coffee enthusiasts often grind their coffee beans at home. but doing that can often seem like an additional chore, after all, it’s just coffee, isn’t it? Coffee brewed with fresh ground coffee at home is undoubtedly the most delicious cup of coffee and for any addict, the flavor is of utmost importance

But don’t worry, it is not a complicated process and you would find all the steps in this article to help you grind your coffee beans like a pro!

How to Grind Coffee Beans at Home

Here are a few tips to keep in mind when you have decided to grind coffee beans at home to get the most out of your coffee beans.

Step 1: Never Pre-Grind your Coffee Beans

As we mentioned before, the first and most important rule of grinding coffee beans is to avoid using pre-ground coffee for brewing a cup of coffee. If you grind your coffee beans beforehand and leave them to be then there are chances that they will become stale much quickly in comparison to the whole coffee beans. So, if you want a fresh and delicious cup of coffee then you need to purchase whole coffee beans and keep them stored in an airtight container.

This will protect your beans and will keep its aroma and flavor intact so when you grind a few coffee beans for brewing a cup of coffee you will get not only an amazingly delicious coffee but the smell of your coffee will be out of this world too. So, make sure you grind only a sufficient amount of coffee beans at a time and store the rest in an air-free container to keep the essential oils trapped inside it.

Step 2: Understand the Grind Size

A lot of people don’t pay attention to this part but the coffee grind size is important for brewing a successful cup of coffee. There are different methods and styles of brewing coffee and each of these styles requires a particular grind size to work well. Here are a few popular coffee grind sizes to keep in mind:

Coffee Grind Size Chart

Coarse Grind

As we said before, each of the brewing techniques requires different grinding consistencies in order to produce a good cup of coffee. Generally, a coarsely ground coffee is the size of breadcrumbs and is usually ground by a blender. This type of grind size is perfect for preparing French Press, Vacuum coffee makers, and Cold blends.

Medium Grind

Medium ground coffee is the same size as that of the sugar and works well for a variety of blending methods but should not be used for Turkish espresso or coffee. It is generally excellent grind size for trickle coffee, pour-over technique, and Chemex brewers.

One can get a medium ground coffee by splitting the espresso beans with the help of knife or mallet so don’t worry if you don’t own a proper grinder at home. A medium grind coffee is the best choice for making drip coffee makers too.

Fine Grind

If you want a delicious cup of espresso then you need to fine grind your coffee beans. Apart from espresso, finely ground coffee is usually excellent for home coffee makers, stove top coffee cups, and professional coffee makers. A finely ground coffee resembles the structure of table salt and can be accomplished with the help of a blender, a rolling pin, or a pestle and a mortar.

Super-Fine Grind

Finally, you have the super fine coffee which resembles powdered sugar and is excellent for preparing Turkish coffee and Greek espresso. One can easily get this grind size with the help of a pestle and a mortar.

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Step 3: Measure your Coffee beans

The next important thing to keep in mind is to measure your coffee beans accurately so that you can get a consistent coffee taste every time you brew coffee. Always make sure that you use 1 tablespoon for every cup of water or more like 15 grams of ground coffee for every 250 grams of water to get the best results.

Make sure that you use measurement tools to get the right ingredients measurement and try to grind only the amount of coffee beans that you will be using to brew coffee.

If you are going to brew 4 cups of coffee then grind coffee beans sufficient for 4 cups of coffee only.

Step 4: Find the Perfect Grinder

The next important thing to keep in mind is that if you are going to brew coffee daily and grind your own coffee beans then you definitely need a coffee grinder for yourself. There are basically two types of Grinders that you will need to check out: Burr Grinder and Blade Grinder.

A Blade Grinder is similar to a blender as it has its whirring blades located at the bottom of the container which is why it usually produces an inconsistent grind. Also, there are chances that a blade grinder might heat up and cook your coffee beans which can alter the taste of your coffee.

On the other hand, a Burr coffee grinder comes with two butting discs known as burrs which are kept at a fixed distance from each other. This helps in a consistent grind and you can change the grind size by altering the distance between the two burrs. If you reduce the distance between the two burrs then you get a finer coffee grind while an increased distance will help in a coarse coffee grind.

You need to get a consistent coffee grind as brewing coffee is similar to an extraction process in which the coffee grounds are exposed to water so the flavor gets extracted. As a result, a uniform coffee ground will definitely give you a tastier brew.

Step 5: Decide between Automatic and Manual Grinder

If you have decided to purchase a burr coffee grinder then you need to choose between an automatic burr grinder and a manual burr grinder.

A manual burr grinder will be cheaper and more compact so you can easily take it with you while traveling as well. However, you need to look at the cost and efficiency of the grinder before making a choice, so make sure that you look at the pros and cons of both the types of grinders.

However, if you decide to not purchase a grinder or don’t have the budget for it then don’t worry. There are plenty of kitchen tools that can be used to grind coffee beans at home.

Here’s why Burr Coffee Grinders Matter


How to Grinder Coffee Without a Grinder

If you want to grind your coffee beans without much manual effort but cannot own a grinder then this is the best method for you. Just follow these steps to grind your coffee beans without any extra kitchen equipment and enjoy a freshly brewed cup of coffee every time.

Blend the Coffee beans

You need to measure your coffee beans and then place them in a mixer jug. Set your blender to the lowest blending setting and cover the mixer jug tightly. Beat your coffee beans in 2-second pulses for about 10 seconds and then add more coffee beans and repeat the process. Continue this till you have sufficient amount of coffee beans and the correct coffee ground density.

Once you are done granulating your coffee beans, make sure you thoroughly wash the blender to get rid of the coffee smell. A blender is a perfect way to break your coffee beans into a coarser grind and processing it in small batches prevents the blades from getting heated up and cooking your coffee beans.

Process them in a Food Processor

You can also use a food processor to grind your coffee beans into smaller particles.

Food Processor

Just take a few coffee beans and then grind them at 5-second pulses for about 15-20 seconds. Make sure that you add only a small amount of coffee beans every time and keep continuing this until you reach the desired coffee consistency.

Although a food processor won’t offer a consistent grind, it will allow you to fine grind your coffee which can be used to brew a drinkable cup of coffee.

Use an Immersion Blender

For this method, you need to put your coffee beans in a tall container and then add your immersion blender in this container. Cover the lid of the container to reduce the chances of coffee beans dropping out of the container. Now, mix your coffee beans for 20-30 flashes and check your grind in a 10-seconds gap to get the right consistency.

Once you get the desired coffee grounds, you need to rinse the container and immersion blender immediately after use to get rid of the coffee odor and oils.

Immersion Blender Vs Hand Mixer

How to Grind Coffee Manually

If you want to go old school and want to grind coffee means manually without a manual grinder, then you can follow the below methods:

Use a Pestle and a Mortar

For grinding your coffee beans with a pestle and mortar, you need to first take a small quantity (around 10 grams) of coffee beans in the mortar. Now, use your one hand to cover the top to prevent beans from hopping out.

Use your other hand to move the pestle inside the mortar to grind the beans. After 10 seconds of smashing, take out your pestle and hold it in an upright position to beat the coffee beans.

Continue the spinning and beating of coffee beans until you get the desired consistency. You can use a pestle and a mortar to get any coffee consistency from a coarse grind to a super fine grind range.

Mortar and Pestle

Crack your Coffee Beans

Another effective way to grind your coffee beans is by cracking it with the help of a knife. For this, you will need to place your coffee beans on a big wooden board and then place your big-sized knife’s flat side of the blade on top of the coffee beans. Now, apply some pressure on the knife blade so that the beans crack.

Continue applying the force to crack the beans further to get a finer grind. However, always stay careful when using the knife and remember that you can only get a medium or a medium-fine grind with the help of this method.

Granulate with the help of a Rolling Pin

If you want to grind your coffee beans into a medium grind or a finer grind then using a rolling pin is the best way to go about it.

Rolling Pin for Baking

Measure your coffee beans and then transfer them into a huge plastic freezer packet. Now, seal the packet and place it on a level surface such that all the coffee beans are lying down in a single layer. Now, pound your beans with the rolling pin to crack them.

Once your coffee beans are cracked, move your rolling pin in a forward and backward direction to get a finer grind that you desire.

Use a Hammer

Another effective way to grind your beans is with the help of a hammer. Just take your beans and put it in a freezer bag or between two pieces of material paper. Then, lay your package on top of a towel on a level surface and spread your beans so that it is in an even layer.

Directly crack the beans by hitting the hammer on the beans and continue this until you have completely crushed all the coffee beans into a consistent grind. You can also use a mallet or a meat tenderizer to crack the beans and grind them into a grainy or a medium density texture.

Use a Hand Mincer

Your hand mincer acts as a manual grinder which can be used to granulate anything, including coffee beans.

Hand Mincer

So, calculate your beans and then pour them into your hand mincer. Now, use the hand to rotate the wrench arm in a clockwise direction to crack the beans. If you want a finer grind then you will need to collect the cracked and ground coffee and then pour them back into your hand mincer for another run.

Grinding your own coffee beans is easy right? Also, it takes barely any time and helps you in brewing a deliciously fresh cup of coffee which is every bit worth the effort and the manual labor. So, you can follow any of the above methods to grind your coffee and make sure you follow the tips to grind your coffee beans in the right way.